Redis服务之Redis5集群相关命令说明

  上一篇博客主要聊了下redis.trib.rb这个工具来管理redis3/4 cluster 中的节点,回顾请参考https://www.cnblogs.com/qiuhom-1874/p/13456915.html;今天我们主要来说一下redis5上cluster相关配置命令说明;

  创建集群

[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster create 192.168.0.41:6379 192.168.0.42:6379 192.168.0.43:6379 192.168.0.41:6380 192.168.0.42:6380 192.168.0.43:6380 --cluster-replicas 1 
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
>>> Performing hash slots allocation on 6 nodes...
Master[0] -> Slots 0 - 5460
Master[1] -> Slots 5461 - 10922
Master[2] -> Slots 10923 - 16383
Adding replica 192.168.0.42:6380 to 192.168.0.41:6379
Adding replica 192.168.0.43:6380 to 192.168.0.42:6379
Adding replica 192.168.0.41:6380 to 192.168.0.43:6379
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
Can I set the above configuration? (type 'yes' to accept): yes
>>> Nodes configuration updated
>>> Assign a different config epoch to each node
>>> Sending CLUSTER MEET messages to join the cluster
Waiting for the cluster to join
.....
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] redis]# 

  提示:-a表示指定连接集群的密码,–cluster create 表示创建集群,后面跟要加入集群的各节点ip地址和端口(包括master和slave);–cluster replicas 用来指定集群master对应的副本(slave)数量;它会根据我们指定的数量,去创建master和slave,并把16384个槽位平均分配给对应的master节点,并且会自动关联master和slave的关系;

  查看集群信息

[[email protected] redis]# cd
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli --cluster info 192.168.0.41:6379
[ERR] Node 192.168.0.41:6379 NOAUTH Authentication required.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 5461 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 5461 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.42:6379 (506776f9...) -> 0 keys | 5462 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 0 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 5461 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 5461 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.42:6379 (506776f9...) -> 0 keys | 5462 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 0 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]#

  查看集群 node 对应关系

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin -c cluster nodes
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:[email protected] master - 0 1592495162494 3 connected 10923-16383
eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:[email protected] slave 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 0 1592495164579 5 connected
91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:[email protected] myself,master - 0 1592495158000 1 connected 0-5460
6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:[email protected] slave 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 0 1592495159344 6 connected
506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:[email protected] master - 0 1592495163529 2 connected 5461-10922
646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:[email protected] slave 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 0 1592495161445 4 connected
[[email protected] ~]#

  查看集群状态

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin -c cluster info
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
cluster_state:ok
cluster_slots_assigned:16384
cluster_slots_ok:16384
cluster_slots_pfail:0
cluster_slots_fail:0
cluster_known_nodes:6
cluster_size:3
cluster_current_epoch:6
cluster_my_epoch:1
cluster_stats_messages_ping_sent:159
cluster_stats_messages_pong_sent:158
cluster_stats_messages_sent:317
cluster_stats_messages_ping_received:153
cluster_stats_messages_pong_received:159
cluster_stats_messages_meet_received:5
cluster_stats_messages_received:317
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:其实以上命令就是使用非交互式命令和redis交互,有点类似mysql中的-e选项,连接到对应redisserver上执行命令后返回,在mysql中用-e指定要执行的命令,在redis中用-c指定要执行的命令;

  添加一个新节点到现有集群

  实验环境说明

  环境目录结构

[[email protected] redis]# tree 
.
├── 6379
│   └── etc
│       └── redis.conf
├── 6380
│   └── etc
│       └── redis.conf
├── 6381
│   └── etc
│       └── redis.conf
├── 6382
│   └── etc
│       └── redis.conf
├── bin
│   ├── redis-benchmark
│   ├── redis-check-aof
│   ├── redis-check-rdb
│   ├── redis-cli
│   ├── redis-sentinel -> redis-server
│   └── redis-server
├── dump_6379.rdb
├── dump_6380.rdb
├── logs
│   ├── redis_6379.log
│   └── redis_6380.log
├── redis-cluster-6379.conf
├── redis-cluster-6380.conf
└── run

11 directories, 16 files
[[email protected] redis]# 

  确认配置文件信息

Redis服务之Redis5集群相关命令说明插图

  提示:需要注意bind的地址必须能够和集群其他节点通信,端口不能和本机其他端口冲突,密码要和集群中的节点其他密码相同;

  启动192.168.0.43:6081/6082

Redis服务之Redis5集群相关命令说明插图(1)

  把192.168.0.43:6381/6382添加到现有集群

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster add-node 192.168.0.43:6381 192.168.0.41:6379 
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
>>> Adding node 192.168.0.43:6381 to cluster 192.168.0.41:6379
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
>>> Send CLUSTER MEET to node 192.168.0.43:6381 to make it join the cluster.
[OK] New node added correctly.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster add-node 192.168.0.43:6382 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
>>> Adding node 192.168.0.43:6382 to cluster 192.168.0.41:6379
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
>>> Send CLUSTER MEET to node 192.168.0.43:6382 to make it join the cluster.
[OK] New node added correctly.
[[email protected] ~]# 

  查看现有集群信息

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 5461 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 5461 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6382 (43d6e13d...) -> 0 keys | 0 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 0 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.42:6379 (506776f9...) -> 0 keys | 5462 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 0 keys in 5 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin -c cluster nodes
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:[email protected] master - 0 1592498237487 3 connected 10923-16383
eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:[email protected] slave 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 0 1592498238525 5 connected
91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:[email protected] myself,master - 0 1592498215000 1 connected 0-5460
6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:[email protected] slave 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 0 1592498234346 6 connected
43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:[email protected] master - 0 1592498236438 7 connected
95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:[email protected] master - 0 1592498235388 0 connected
506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:[email protected] master - 0 1592498239566 2 connected 5461-10922
646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:[email protected] slave 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 0 1592498233609 4 connected
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:可以看到对应集群上新加了两个节点,都是master角色,并且新加的两个节点都没有slave和slot;

  分配槽位给192.168.0.43:6381

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.41:6379  
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 5461 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 5461 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6382 (43d6e13d...) -> 0 keys | 0 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 0 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.42:6379 (506776f9...) -> 0 keys | 5462 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 0 keys in 5 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster reshard 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
How many slots do you want to move (from 1 to 16384)? 4096
What is the receiving node ID? 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
Please enter all the source node IDs.
  Type 'all' to use all the nodes as source nodes for the hash slots.
  Type 'done' once you entered all the source nodes IDs.
Source node #1: all

Ready to move 4096 slots.
  Source nodes:
    M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
       slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
       1 additional replica(s)
    M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
       slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
       1 additional replica(s)
    M: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
       slots: (0 slots) master
    M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
       slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
       1 additional replica(s)
  Destination node:
    M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
       slots: (0 slots) master
  Resharding plan:
    Moving slot 5461 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
    Moving slot 5462 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
    Moving slot 5463 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
    Moving slot 5464 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
    Moving slot 5465 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
    Moving slot 5466 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
    Moving slot 5467 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
    Moving slot 5468 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
    Moving slot 5469 from 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
……省略部分内容……
    Moving slot 12284 from 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
    Moving slot 12285 from 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
    Moving slot 12286 from 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
    Moving slot 12287 from 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
Do you want to proceed with the proposed reshard plan (yes/no)? yes
Moving slot 5461 from 192.168.0.42:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 5462 from 192.168.0.42:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 5463 from 192.168.0.42:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 5464 from 192.168.0.42:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
……省略部分内容……
Moving slot 12285 from 192.168.0.43:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 12286 from 192.168.0.43:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 12287 from 192.168.0.43:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:这个和redis-trib.rb命令使用没有什么区别;

  查看新分配的槽位信息

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6382 (43d6e13d...) -> 0 keys | 0 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.42:6379 (506776f9...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 0 keys in 5 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[1365-5460] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-1364],[5461-6826],[10923-12287] (4096 slots) master
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:可以看到现在集群有4个节点都分配了4096个slot,还有一个没有slot;

  更改节点(192.168.0.43:6382)为新节点(192.168.0.43:6381)的slave

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6382 (43d6e13d...) -> 0 keys | 0 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.42:6379 (506776f9...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 0 keys in 5 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[1365-5460] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
M: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-1364],[5461-6826],[10923-12287] (4096 slots) master
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -h 192.168.0.43 -p 6382 -a admin -c cluster replicate 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
OK
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.41:6379                                      
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.42:6379 (506776f9...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 0 keys in 4 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[1365-5460] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
S: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5
S: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-1364],[5461-6826],[10923-12287] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:我上面使用-c在shell上连接redis执行命令,这个和交互式执行命令一样的效果;从上面的信息可以看到192.168.0.43:6381已经有一个slave了,对应192.168.0.43:6382也没有出现到master列表中了;

  验证:向集群中读写数据

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
127.0.0.1:6379> KEYS *
(empty list or set)
127.0.0.1:6379> set aa bb
(error) MOVED 1180 192.168.0.43:6381
127.0.0.1:6379> set cc dd 
(error) MOVED 700 192.168.0.43:6381
127.0.0.1:6379> set k v
(error) MOVED 7629 192.168.0.42:6379
127.0.0.1:6379> set kk vv
OK
127.0.0.1:6379> get kk 
"vv"
127.0.0.1:6379> 

  提示:从上面的结果看,读写都可以正常执行,也能够正常的把对应的key进行计算,并告诉我们该到那个节点上执行对应的key读写操作;

  验证:停掉集群中任意一台master,看看对应slave是否提升为master?

[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info 192.168.0.42
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
[ERR] Invalid arguments: you need to pass either a valid address (ie. 120.0.0.1:7000) or space separated IP and port (ie. 120.0.0.1 7000)
[[email protected] redis]# 
[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info 192.168.0.42:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.42:6379 (506776f9...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 1 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 4 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] redis]# ps -ef |grep redis
root      20256      1  0 11:40 ?        00:00:15 redis-server 0.0.0.0:6379 [cluster]
root      20258      1  0 11:40 ?        00:00:13 redis-server 0.0.0.0:6380 [cluster]
root      20318   1926  0 13:04 pts/1    00:00:00 grep --color=auto redis
[[email protected] redis]# kill -9 20256
[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
Could not connect to Redis at 192.168.0.42:6379: Connection refused
*** WARNING: 192.168.0.43:6380 claims to be slave of unknown node ID 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 1 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
Could not connect to Redis at 192.168.0.42:6379: Connection refused
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 1 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 4 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] redis]# 

  提示:可以看到对应slave是能够被提升为master的;

  验证:把对应宕机的节点启动起来,看看是否自动降级为slave呢?

[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
Could not connect to Redis at 192.168.0.42:6379: Connection refused
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 1 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 4 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] redis]# redis-server /usr/local/redis/6379/etc/redis.conf 
[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 1 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 4 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin -h 192.168.0.42 -p 6379 -c info replication
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
# Replication
role:slave
master_host:192.168.0.43
master_port:6380
master_link_status:up
master_last_io_seconds_ago:3
master_sync_in_progress:0
slave_repl_offset:6594
slave_priority:100
slave_read_only:1
connected_slaves:0
master_replid:7b45a2b847aba7e40e3a6b7f39d4511fa2a62b6a
master_replid2:0000000000000000000000000000000000000000
master_repl_offset:6594
second_repl_offset:-1
repl_backlog_active:1
repl_backlog_size:1048576
repl_backlog_first_byte_offset:6497
repl_backlog_histlen:98
[[email protected] redis]# 

  提示:当192.168.0.42:6379启动后,自动降级为slave,并从属192.168.0.43:6380;

  动态删除集群中的节点

  把192.168.0.41:6379上的slot移动到192.168.0.43:6381

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster reshard 192.168.0.41:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots:[1365-5460] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
M: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-1364],[5461-6826],[10923-12287] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
How many slots do you want to move (from 1 to 16384)? 4096
What is the receiving node ID? 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
Please enter all the source node IDs.
  Type 'all' to use all the nodes as source nodes for the hash slots.
  Type 'done' once you entered all the source nodes IDs.
Source node #1: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
Source node #2: done
    Moving slot 5457 from 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
    Moving slot 5458 from 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
    Moving slot 5459 from 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
    Moving slot 5460 from 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
Do you want to proceed with the proposed reshard plan (yes/no)? yes
Moving slot 1365 from 192.168.0.41:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 1366 from 192.168.0.41:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 1367 from 192.168.0.41:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
……省略部分内容……
Moving slot 5457 from 192.168.0.41:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 5458 from 192.168.0.41:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 5459 from 192.168.0.41:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
Moving slot 5460 from 192.168.0.41:6379 to 192.168.0.43:6381: 
[[email protected] ~]#

  提示:在redis5上迁移是,即便对应节点上有数据,也可以直接迁移,并且把对应应数据以便迁移到指定的节点上去了;

  查看迁移后的集群信息

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.41:6379  
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 0 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 1 keys | 8192 slots | 2 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 4 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.41:6379)
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots: (0 slots) master
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-6826],[10923-12287] (8192 slots) master
   2 additional replica(s)
S: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:可以看到对应节点上的key和slave随着slot的清空迁移而迁移;

  验证:登录对应的节点上查看192.168.0.41:6379上的key是否迁移到192.168.0.43:6381上了?

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -h 192.168.0.43 -p 6381
192.168.0.43:6381> AUTH admin
OK
192.168.0.43:6381> KEYS *
1) "kk"
192.168.0.43:6381> get kk 
"vv"
192.168.0.43:6381> 

  提示:可以看到我们之前在192.168.0.41:6379上写入的key已经迁移到192.168.0.43:6381上了;

  把192.168.0.41:6379从集群中删除

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.42:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379 (91e34830...) -> 0 keys | 0 slots | 0 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 1 keys | 8192 slots | 2 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 4 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.42:6379)
S: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 192.168.0.41:6379
   slots: (0 slots) master
S: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-6826],[10923-12287] (8192 slots) master
   2 additional replica(s)
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster del-node 192.168.0.42:6379 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
>>> Removing node 91e34830f16e45110e37618540628587d5ecc7e2 from cluster 192.168.0.42:6379
>>> Sending CLUSTER FORGET messages to the cluster...
>>> SHUTDOWN the node.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info 192.168.0.42:6379                                      
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 1 keys | 8192 slots | 2 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:从上面的信息可以看到对应节点从集群中删除了;对应节点的slave被迁移到新的master上去了;

  删除slave

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.42:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 1 keys | 8192 slots | 2 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.42:6379)
S: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
S: 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd 192.168.0.43:6382
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-6826],[10923-12287] (8192 slots) master
   2 additional replica(s)
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster del-node 192.168.0.42:6379 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
>>> Removing node 43d6e13d06019af045e378ddc3e82b15b41ebdcd from cluster 192.168.0.42:6379
>>> Sending CLUSTER FORGET messages to the cluster...
>>> SHUTDOWN the node.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info  192.168.0.42:6379                                      
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 1 keys | 8192 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:对应slave可以直接删除,因为slave通常是没有slot槽位的;

  验证:把192.168.0.41:6379启动起来,看看是否还会回到集群?

[[email protected] ~]# ss -tnl
State      Recv-Q Send-Q        Local Address:Port                       Peer Address:Port              
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6380                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:22                                    *:*                  
LISTEN     0      100               127.0.0.1:25                                    *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16380                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                      :::22                                   :::*                  
LISTEN     0      100                     ::1:25                                   :::*                  
[[email protected] ~]# redis-server /usr/local/redis/6379/etc/redis.conf 
[[email protected] ~]# ss -tnl
State      Recv-Q Send-Q        Local Address:Port                       Peer Address:Port              
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6379                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6380                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:22                                    *:*                  
LISTEN     0      100               127.0.0.1:25                                    *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16379                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16380                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                      :::22                                   :::*                  
LISTEN     0      100                     ::1:25                                   :::*                  
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster info  192.168.0.42:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 1 keys | 8192 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check  192.168.0.42:6379    
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 1 keys | 8192 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.42:6379)
S: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-6826],[10923-12287] (8192 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:可以看到这里和redis3/4不同,这里启动宕机后的server,它并不会重新回到集群中来;

  验证:启动删除的slave节点,看看是否回到集群?

[[email protected] redis]# ss -tnl
State      Recv-Q Send-Q        Local Address:Port                       Peer Address:Port              
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6379                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6380                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6381                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:22                                    *:*                  
LISTEN     0      100               127.0.0.1:25                                    *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16379                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16380                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16381                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                      :::22                                   :::*                  
LISTEN     0      100                     ::1:25                                   :::*                  
[[email protected] redis]# redis-server /usr/local/redis/6382/etc/redis.conf 
[[email protected] redis]# ss -tnl
State      Recv-Q Send-Q        Local Address:Port                       Peer Address:Port              
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6379                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6380                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6381                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:6382                                  *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:22                                    *:*                  
LISTEN     0      100               127.0.0.1:25                                    *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16379                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16380                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16381                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                       *:16382                                 *:*                  
LISTEN     0      128                      :::22                                   :::*                  
LISTEN     0      100                     ::1:25                                   :::*                  
[[email protected] redis]# redis-cli -a admin --cluster check 192.168.0.42:6379
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.43:6379 (0479a31d...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6380 (6274aa87...) -> 0 keys | 4096 slots | 1 slaves.
192.168.0.43:6381 (95fa2115...) -> 1 keys | 8192 slots | 1 slaves.
[OK] 1 keys in 3 masters.
0.00 keys per slot on average.
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.42:6379)
S: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-6826],[10923-12287] (8192 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] redis]# 

  提示:可以看到启动被删除的slave以后,也不会重新回到集群;

  从外部redis server 导入数据到集群

  在192.168.0.41:6379上创建一些key,来模拟外部redisserver

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin -h 192.168.0.41 -p 6379           
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379> KEYS *
(empty list or set)
192.168.0.41:6379> set aa bb
(error) MOVED 1180 192.168.0.43:6381
192.168.0.41:6379> 

  提示:往192.168.0.41:6379插入不了数据,我们把集群功能给关掉试试?

  关掉192.168.0.41:6379的集群功能,再次启动redis

[[email protected] ~]# grep ^#cluster /usr/local/redis/6379/etc/redis.conf
#cluster-enabled yes
#cluster-config-file redis-cluster-6379.conf
[[email protected] ~]# ps -ef |grep redis
root      19893      1  0 11:40 ?        00:00:21 redis-server 0.0.0.0:6380 [cluster]
root      20002      1  0 13:35 ?        00:00:02 redis-server 0.0.0.0:6379 [cluster]
root      20028   1491  0 13:49 pts/1    00:00:00 grep --color=auto redis
[[email protected] ~]# kill -9 20002
[[email protected] ~]# redis-server /usr/local/redis/6379/etc/redis.conf
[[email protected] ~]# ps -ef|grep redis
root      19893      1  0 11:40 ?        00:00:21 redis-server 0.0.0.0:6380 [cluster]
root      20030      1  0 13:49 ?        00:00:00 redis-server 0.0.0.0:6379
root      20035   1491  0 13:49 pts/1    00:00:00 grep --color=auto redis
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:可以看到对应redis进程就不是一cluster方式运行了,接下来我们再来插入数据试试

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -a admin -h 192.168.0.41 -p 6379                    
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.0.41:6379> KEYS *
(empty list or set)
192.168.0.41:6379> MSET k1 v1 k2 v2 k3 v3 k4 v4
OK
192.168.0.41:6379> KEYS *
1) "k3"
2) "k2"
3) "k4"
4) "k1"
192.168.0.41:6379>

  提示:可以看到现在再插入数据就没有问题了;

  将192.168.0.41:6379上的数据导入集群

Redis服务之Redis5集群相关命令说明插图(2)

  提示:导入数据时,提示我们没有认证;这里需要注意一点,导入数据之前需要关闭各 redis 服务器的密码,包括集群中的各 node 和源 Redis server,避免认证带来的环境不一致从而无法导入,可以加参数–cluster-replace 强制替换 Redis cluster 已有的 key。

  关闭集群各节点认证密码和外部redisserver

Redis服务之Redis5集群相关命令说明插图(3)

  再次将192.168.0.41:6379上的数据导入到集群

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli --cluster import 192.168.0.43:6379 --cluster-from 192.168.0.41:6379 --cluster-copy          
>>> Importing data from 192.168.0.41:6379 to cluster 192.168.0.43:6379
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.0.43:6379)
M: 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617 192.168.0.43:6379
   slots:[12288-16383] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86 192.168.0.43:6381
   slots:[0-6826],[10923-12287] (8192 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f 192.168.0.43:6380
   slots:[6827-10922] (4096 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: eb23a3ff659ee22d03661cf312d5bf38b32686b5 192.168.0.42:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 95fa21156efabc1e07b07b0bdbe52bf8fe004b86
S: 506776f910a52e45987785199e4fd293956ac1c5 192.168.0.42:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 6274aa87409a801311e580cb19d185c1d53bfa1f
S: 646b85ae18a63f36866c64edfba374559252dd1b 192.168.0.41:6380
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 0479a31d9a7bcb88a9fc1c4227f0f3e06ea3b617
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
*** Importing 4 keys from DB 0
Migrating k3 to 192.168.0.43:6381: OK
Migrating k2 to 192.168.0.43:6381: OK
Migrating k4 to 192.168.0.43:6380: OK
Migrating k1 to 192.168.0.43:6379: OK
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:可以看到导入数据成功;

  验证:在集群各节点查看导入到数据

[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -h 192.168.0.43 -p 6381
192.168.0.43:6381> KEYS *
1) "k2"
2) "k3"
3) "kk"
192.168.0.43:6381> get k2
"v2"
192.168.0.43:6381> get k3
"v3"
192.168.0.43:6381> quit
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -h 192.168.0.43 -p 6380
192.168.0.43:6380> KEYS *
1) "k4"
192.168.0.43:6380> get k4
"v4"
192.168.0.43:6380> quit
[[email protected] ~]# redis-cli -h 192.168.0.43 -p 6379
192.168.0.43:6379> KEYS *
1) "k1"
192.168.0.43:6379> get k1
"v1"
192.168.0.43:6379> quit
[[email protected] ~]# 

  提示:可以看到外部redisserver上的数据被分别倒入到集群中的各节点上存储;在redis3/4上使用redis.trib.rb工具导入数据始终提示错误,不知道什么原因,所以建议在身材使用redis5以上做集群比较好;

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