源码剖析Springboot自定义异常

  博主看到新服务是封装自定义异常,准备入手剖析一下,自定义的异常是如何进行抓住我们请求的方法的异常,并进行封装返回到。废话不多说,先看看如何才能实现封装异常,先来一个示例

 1 @ControllerAdvice
 2 public class TstExceptionHandle{
 3 
 4     @ExceptionHandler(Exception.class)
 5     public void myExceptionHandle(HttpServletResponse response){
 6         response.setStatus(403);
 7         System.out.println("做封装处理");
 8     }
 9 
10 }

  博主只做了简单的配置示例,主要的是进行源码剖析Springboot是如何获取自定义异常并进行返回的。来吧!

  第一步:肯定是在Springboot启动的过程中进行的异常处理初始化,于是就找到了handlerExceptionResolver类,在创建该类的时候,会进行添加我们自定义异常。

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(2)

 1     public HandlerExceptionResolver handlerExceptionResolver(
 2             @Qualifier("mvcContentNegotiationManager") ContentNegotiationManager contentNegotiationManager) {
 3         List<HandlerExceptionResolver> exceptionResolvers = new ArrayList<>();
 4         //不用管这个方法,这个方法主要进行的是调用实现了WebMvcConfigurer接口bean的configureHandlerExceptionResolvers方法,系统的都是空方法
 5         configureHandlerExceptionResolvers(exceptionResolvers);
 6         if (exceptionResolvers.isEmpty()) {
 7             //我们的在这里才添加,我们看看这个方法
 8             addDefaultHandlerExceptionResolvers(exceptionResolvers, contentNegotiationManager);
 9         }
10         extendHandlerExceptionResolvers(exceptionResolvers);
11         HandlerExceptionResolverComposite composite = new HandlerExceptionResolverComposite();
12         composite.setOrder(0);
13         composite.setExceptionResolvers(exceptionResolvers);
14         return composite;
15     }

org/springframework/web/servlet/config/annotation/WebMvcConfigurationSupport

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(4)源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(6)

 1     protected final void addDefaultHandlerExceptionResolvers(List<HandlerExceptionResolver> exceptionResolvers,
 2             ContentNegotiationManager mvcContentNegotiationManager) {
 3 
 4         ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver exceptionHandlerResolver = createExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver();
 5         exceptionHandlerResolver.setContentNegotiationManager(mvcContentNegotiationManager);
 6         exceptionHandlerResolver.setMessageConverters(getMessageConverters());
 7         exceptionHandlerResolver.setCustomArgumentResolvers(getArgumentResolvers());
 8         exceptionHandlerResolver.setCustomReturnValueHandlers(getReturnValueHandlers());
 9         if (jackson2Present) {
10             exceptionHandlerResolver.setResponseBodyAdvice(
11                     Collections.singletonList(new JsonViewResponseBodyAdvice()));
12         }
13         if (this.applicationContext != null) {
14             exceptionHandlerResolver.setApplicationContext(this.applicationContext);
15         }
16         //上面的 都是设置的属性,跟我们没啥大关系,主要在这里进行的添加自定义异常处理
17         exceptionHandlerResolver.afterPropertiesSet();
18         exceptionResolvers.add(exceptionHandlerResolver);
19 
20         ResponseStatusExceptionResolver responseStatusResolver = new ResponseStatusExceptionResolver();
21         responseStatusResolver.setMessageSource(this.applicationContext);
22         exceptionResolvers.add(responseStatusResolver);
23 
24         exceptionResolvers.add(new DefaultHandlerExceptionResolver());
25     }

org/springframework/web/servlet/config/annotation/WebMvcConfigurationSupport

    最主要的初始化过程在这里,从这些代码中就可以看到为什么我们自定义异常需要进行使用@ControllerAdvice,并且方法使用@ExceptionHandler(Exception.class)注解了

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(8)源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(10)

 1     @Override
 2     public void afterPropertiesSet() {
 3         // Do this first, it may add ResponseBodyAdvice beans
 4         //走这里初始化,添加
 5         initExceptionHandlerAdviceCache();
 6 
 7         if (this.argumentResolvers == null) {
 8             List<HandlerMethodArgumentResolver> resolvers = getDefaultArgumentResolvers();
 9             this.argumentResolvers = new HandlerMethodArgumentResolverComposite().addResolvers(resolvers);
10         }
11         if (this.returnValueHandlers == null) {
12             List<HandlerMethodReturnValueHandler> handlers = getDefaultReturnValueHandlers();
13             this.returnValueHandlers = new HandlerMethodReturnValueHandlerComposite().addHandlers(handlers);
14         }
15     }
16 
17 
18     org/springframework/web/servlet/mvc/method/annotation/ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver.java
19     private void initExceptionHandlerAdviceCache() {
20         if (getApplicationContext() == null) {
21             return;
22         }
23         //看到这里基本就知道啥意思了,找出带有@ControllerAdvice的注解bean
24         List<ControllerAdviceBean> adviceBeans = ControllerAdviceBean.findAnnotatedBeans(getApplicationContext());
25         for (ControllerAdviceBean adviceBean : adviceBeans) {
26             Class<?> beanType = adviceBean.getBeanType();
27             if (beanType == null) {
28                 throw new IllegalStateException("Unresolvable type for ControllerAdviceBean: " + adviceBean);
29             }
30             //找出当前bean的异常处理方法
31             ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver resolver = new ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver(beanType);
32             if (resolver.hasExceptionMappings()) {
33                 this.exceptionHandlerAdviceCache.put(adviceBean, resolver);
34             }
35             if (ResponseBodyAdvice.class.isAssignableFrom(beanType)) {
36                 this.responseBodyAdvice.add(adviceBean);
37             }
38         }
39 
40         if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
41             int handlerSize = this.exceptionHandlerAdviceCache.size();
42             int adviceSize = this.responseBodyAdvice.size();
43             if (handlerSize == 0 && adviceSize == 0) {
44                 logger.debug("ControllerAdvice beans: none");
45             }
46             else {
47                 logger.debug("ControllerAdvice beans: " +
48                         handlerSize + " @ExceptionHandler, " + adviceSize + " ResponseBodyAdvice");
49             }
50         }
51     }

org/springframework/web/servlet/mvc/method/annotation/ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver

  找到类后,是如何找到方法的呢?主要看如何创建ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver的过程。

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(12)源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(14)

 1 public ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver(Class<?> handlerType) {
 2     //EXCEPTION_HANDLER_METHODS的定义:
 3     //public static final MethodFilter EXCEPTION_HANDLER_METHODS = method ->
 4     //            AnnotatedElementUtils.hasAnnotation(method, ExceptionHandler.class);
 5     //所以他会寻找带有ExceptionHandler注解的方法
 6         for (Method method : MethodIntrospector.selectMethods(handlerType, EXCEPTION_HANDLER_METHODS)) {
 7             //寻找方法注解上配置的捕获的异常类,并添加,如果有两个方法都对一个异常进行自定义处理了,怎么办呢。
 8             for (Class<? extends Throwable> exceptionType : detectExceptionMappings(method)) {
 9                 //他会出异常的。不过前提是同一个类里,不同类对同一个异常进行自定义的话,谁在前面就有谁来处理
10                 addExceptionMapping(exceptionType, method);
11             }
12         }
13     }

org/springframework/web/method/annotation/ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver

  添加自定义异常的时候抛异常是在这里

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(16)源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(18)

1     private void addExceptionMapping(Class<? extends Throwable> exceptionType, Method method) {
2         Method oldMethod = this.mappedMethods.put(exceptionType, method);
3         //在这里,已经显示出来了,博主就不试了
4         if (oldMethod != null && !oldMethod.equals(method)) {
5             throw new IllegalStateException("Ambiguous @ExceptionHandler method mapped for [" +
6                     exceptionType + "]: {" + oldMethod + ", " + method + "}");
7         }
8     }

org/springframework/web/method/annotation/ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver

  好了。所有异常添加完毕了,我们来测试一下异常来的时候,Springboot是如何选择自定义异常并返回的,我们上面所有的操作都是在创建HandlerExceptionResolver时进行的,为什么要添加到HandlerExceptionResolver这里呢?看一下代码:

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(20)源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(22)

 1 //第一次请求进来时,会先查找是否有自定义异常,如果有的话添加,没有记录日志就完了
 2     private void initHandlerExceptionResolvers(ApplicationContext context) {
 3         this.handlerExceptionResolvers = null;
 4 
 5         if (this.detectAllHandlerExceptionResolvers) {
 6             // Find all HandlerExceptionResolvers in the ApplicationContext, including ancestor contexts.
 7                         //这里会在beanfactroy中查找到HandlerExceptionResolver类,刚才初始化的时候,我们所有的自定义异常都在里面 
 8             Map<String, HandlerExceptionResolver> matchingBeans = BeanFactoryUtils
 9                     .beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(context, HandlerExceptionResolver.class, true, false);
10             if (!matchingBeans.isEmpty()) {
11                 this.handlerExceptionResolvers = new ArrayList<>(matchingBeans.values());
12                 // We keep HandlerExceptionResolvers in sorted order.
13                 AnnotationAwareOrderComparator.sort(this.handlerExceptionResolvers);
14             }
15         }
16         else {
17             try {
18                 HandlerExceptionResolver her =
19                         context.getBean(HANDLER_EXCEPTION_RESOLVER_BEAN_NAME, HandlerExceptionResolver.class);
20                 this.handlerExceptionResolvers = Collections.singletonList(her);
21             }
22             catch (NoSuchBeanDefinitionException ex) {
23                 // Ignore, no HandlerExceptionResolver is fine too.
24             }
25         }
26 
27         // Ensure we have at least some HandlerExceptionResolvers, by registering
28         // default HandlerExceptionResolvers if no other resolvers are found.
29         if (this.handlerExceptionResolvers == null) {
30             this.handlerExceptionResolvers = getDefaultStrategies(context, HandlerExceptionResolver.class);
31             if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
32                 logger.trace("No HandlerExceptionResolvers declared in servlet '" + getServletName() +
33                         "': using default strategies from DispatcherServlet.properties");
34             }
35         }
36     }            

org/springframework/web/servlet/DispatcherServlet

  走完初始化,经过过滤器,拦截器终于到了我们的请求方法,我们的方法还报错了,所以会走到异常中,我们DispatcherServlet会进行抓住异常,然后回调用我们的processDispatchResult方法,大家可以自己看一下org/springframework/web/servlet/DispatcherServlet.java的源码,然后我们来分析一下这个方法都干啥了吧

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(24)源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(26)

 1     private void processDispatchResult(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
 2             @Nullable HandlerExecutionChain mappedHandler, @Nullable ModelAndView mv,
 3             @Nullable Exception exception) throws Exception {
 4 
 5         boolean errorView = false;
 6 
 7         if (exception != null) {
 8             if (exception instanceof ModelAndViewDefiningException) {
 9                 logger.debug("ModelAndViewDefiningException encountered", exception);
10                 mv = ((ModelAndViewDefiningException) exception).getModelAndView();
11             }
12             else {
13                 Object handler = (mappedHandler != null ? mappedHandler.getHandler() : null);
14                 //如果请求方法有异常,则进行处理,并返回ModelAndView
15                 mv = processHandlerException(request, response, handler, exception);
16                 errorView = (mv != null);
17             }
18         }
19     .........
20     }

org/springframework/web/servlet/DispatcherServlet.java

  那Springboot是如何选择哪一个是符合条件的自定义异常处理呢?如果我们定义了两个处理类,都对同一个异常进行捕获并返回不一样的信息咋办呢?看源码吧

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(28)源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(30)

 1 //这里会选择符合条件的自定义异常
 2     protected ServletInvocableHandlerMethod getExceptionHandlerMethod(
 3             @Nullable HandlerMethod handlerMethod, Exception exception) {
 4 
 5         Class<?> handlerType = null;
 6 
 7         if (handlerMethod != null) {
 8             // Local exception handler methods on the controller class itself.
 9             // To be invoked through the proxy, even in case of an interface-based proxy.
10             handlerType = handlerMethod.getBeanType();
11             ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver resolver = this.exceptionHandlerCache.get(handlerType);
12             if (resolver == null) {
13                 resolver = new ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver(handlerType);
14                 this.exceptionHandlerCache.put(handlerType, resolver);
15             }
16             Method method = resolver.resolveMethod(exception);
17             if (method != null) {
18                 return new ServletInvocableHandlerMethod(handlerMethod.getBean(), method);
19             }
20             // For advice applicability check below (involving base packages, assignable types
21             // and annotation presence), use target class instead of interface-based proxy.
22             if (Proxy.isProxyClass(handlerType)) {
23                 handlerType = AopUtils.getTargetClass(handlerMethod.getBean());
24             }
25         }
26         //exceptionHandlerAdviceCache这个map是我们添加 的自定义异常
27         for (Map.Entry<ControllerAdviceBean, ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver> entry : this.exceptionHandlerAdviceCache.entrySet()) {
28             ControllerAdviceBean advice = entry.getKey();
29             //这个判断条件是查看是否有符合条件的自定义异常,如果有两个的话,
30             if (advice.isApplicableToBeanType(handlerType)) {
31                 ExceptionHandlerMethodResolver resolver = entry.getValue();
32                 Method method = resolver.resolveMethod(exception);
33                 if (method != null) {
34                     return new ServletInvocableHandlerMethod(advice.resolveBean(), method);
35                 }
36             }
37         }
38 
39         return null;
40     }

org/springframework/web/servlet/DispatcherServlet.java

  逻辑基本是上面的,但是真正处理是否符合是在这里的一个方法中:

源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(32)源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(34)

 1 public boolean isApplicableToBeanType(@Nullable Class<?> beanType) {
 2         return this.beanTypePredicate.test(beanType);
 3     }
 4     public boolean test(Class<?> controllerType) {
 5          ///默认不配的其他属性的时候是返回true的,就是对所有包下的异常都适用
 6         if (!hasSelectors()) {
 7             return true;
 8         }
 9         else if (controllerType != null) {
10             //我们的@ControllerAdvice注解是有basePackages属性的,只有匹配成功才会返回,否则就算自定义异常想要捕获,不在捕获包范围下不管该异常
11             for (String basePackage : this.basePackages) {
12                 if (controllerType.getName().startsWith(basePackage)) {
13                     return true;
14                 }
15             }
16             for (Class<?> clazz : this.assignableTypes) {
17                 if (ClassUtils.isAssignable(clazz, controllerType)) {
18                     return true;
19                 }
20             }
21             for (Class<? extends Annotation> annotationClass : this.annotations) {
22                 if (AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(controllerType, annotationClass) != null) {
23                     return true;
24                 }
25             }
26         }
27         return false;
28     }

org/springframework/web/method/ControllerAdviceBean

  到这里基本如何写自定义异常、以及为什么这么写、底层做了哪些判断都已经讲解完了,自定义异常在工作中还是非常常用的一种手段,因为我们不可能暴露出我们内部的错误信息直接返回给用户,不仅用户体验不好,并且安全性也极其差。

  原创不易,转载请说明出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/guoxiaoyu/p/13489565.html


源码剖析Springboot自定义异常插图(36)

 

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